Job Analysis for ADA Title 1 Compliance
An essential function job analysis (EFJA) is the foundation of human resources management. Recruitment, selection, performance management, and career development methodologies depend on current and accurate knowledge of a position’s qualification standards. Further, as reflected in federal court settlements under Title 1 of the Americans with Disabilities Act, all Post-Offer, Functional Capacity Evaluation, and ERISA employment tests must be supported by an analysis of the physical demands of the essential functions of the job in question.
Matheson Job Analysis Describes the Rationale of an ADA Title 1 Test
First, a concise list of the essential function, as opposed to marginal functions, provides a narrative of the action steps in the job. Second, the job analysis displays one or more tables containing the physical and cognitive demands of the essential functions. Most important, the work evaluator then links each essential function to the specific physical and cognitive demands required to execute the essential functions. Finally, the story of the job unfolds as the job analyst organizes the job’s “functional circuits.”
Functional Circuit Job Analysis
One of the two main differences between a pre-Americans with Disabilities Act job analysis and a Matheson essential function job analysis is the job’s “functional circuits” list. While a function circuit is common in employment testing and rehabilitation, function circuits are relatively new to job analysis. A function circuit analysis describes the routines executed in the job. Hence, the rehab professional who is writing an post-offer or FCE test protocol, is given the gift of a narrative description of the action seen by the job analyst. Consequently, a review of the essential functions addressed in each circuit, a description of weights lifted, the frequency of each exertion, and the postureal movements of the circuit, reveals a series of work evaluation routines which address the “physical capacity” required of a worker likely to be successful in the job. This combination of data and the flow of the job increases the validity of the employment test.
The Importance of a Cognitive Demands Profile
The legal defensibility of hiring and termination decisions based on post-offer employment test and functional capacity evaluation data is supported by an accurate EFJA. Further, a request for a reasonable accommodation in any phases of employment relies on a job analysis to quantify the magnitude and duration of the job’s barried to employment for the requestor.
The technology-dependence and complexity of the workplace has resulted in far greater need for cognitive skills at all levels of employment. Resolution of questions about the match between a worker’s post-injury ability and the demands of the job begins with an EFJA that includes cognitive demands analysis.
For many, this course will serve as a first look at the methods of cognitive task analysis. Augmenting our discussion of the history and methods of cognitive demands analysis is a practicum involving a cognitive ability profiling tool.
Skills You Will Gain
State disability systems, as well as the Social Security system, use the Physical Demand Characteristics of Work approach (Sedentary, Light, Medium, Heavy, Very Heavy strength levels measured in terms of Occasional, Frequent, or Constant frequency categories). Work evaluators, physicians, and insurers now need analyses that provide both state and federal types of task description and measurement. Therefore, the course curriculum addresses both of these styles of reporting as well as how to:
- Determine the Essential or Marginal functions of a job
- Write federal-level essential function task statements
- Conduct a pre-job analysis interview
- Work with managers and supervisors to secure job demands information
- Select cognitive or physical demands for analysis
- Validate the job-relatedness of essential tasks
- Approach measurement of physical demands tied to the essential functions
- Approach analysis of the cognitive demands tied to the essential functions
- Link measurement of physical and cognitive demands to the essential functions
- Rrecognize and analyze functional circuits for an enhanced report
- Update the structure of your job analysis report
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6.0 Contact Hours
Plus 2 Hours of Individual Coaching